U.S. 2020 Presidential Election Analysis

On Tuesday, November 3rd, the 2020 US presidential election was held, in which candidates from the country’s two strongest political parties vied for citizens’ votes at the polls in an effort to become the 46th president of the United States of America.

This election occurred in a different context than many others have. This election was marked by a global health crisis produced by the COVID-19 pandemic and a wave of civil unrest that was triggered by multiple acts of police brutality and murder. These events and many other issues were of major importance for those that went to the polls this year, making this election, one for the record books.

Voter turnout

Voter turnout during the 2020 presidential election was the largest experienced in more than 120 years. Approximately 66.2%, or nearly two-thirds of the voter eligible population voted in this election. This trend broke the previous records which were experienced during 2016 with a 60.1% turnout and the 2008 one with a record of 61.6%.

It is believed that this increase in participation was in large part due to the ease of voting and the increased voting period afforded by mail in voting and early in-person voting. According to the U.S. Election Project, more than 65 million votes were cast via mail in ballots, almost half of all ballots cast in the 2020 election.

Another remarkable trend was the increase in the number of Latino voters. More than 32 million Hispanics were registered to vote, making them13.2% of all eligible voters in the United States, surpassing other communities of color, according to the Pew Research Center. 

Election results

President-elect Joe Biden not only won the popular vote, but he also won the most electorates (306 to President Trump’s 232).

President-elect Biden’s triumph was marked by conquering key swing states such as Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Nevada, Wisconsin, and Pennsylvania that together added 79 electoral votes helping push him over the necessary 270 required to win the election.

During this election, the Democratic party was able to maintain control over the House of Representatives but did lose some seats to Republicans. By contrast, Republicans lead the Senate with 50 members, while the Democratic party has 46, and 2 seats are held by different parties. There are currently 2 seats being contested in runoff elections in Georgia.

Historical developments

In addition to the record voter turnout, the results of the elections led to other historical events. President-elect Joe Biden is the most popular candidate in U.S. history with more than 80 million votes and has become the oldest president in the White House (he is 78 years old).

For her part, his running mate, Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, is the first woman to be elected to be the Vice President. She is also the first Black and Indian person to hold this key position in the Executive Branch of the United States.

What is Next

The electoral college voted on December 14, 2020 and on January 6, 2021 at 1:00p.m. EST, the Senate and House of Representatives will meet in joint session to count the electors’ votes and declare the winners. On January 20, 2021, the President and Vice President named by Congress will be inaugurated. —at last, marking the end to a long and grueling election season.

NHCOA urges President-elect Joe Biden and his administration to work with the country’s most vulnerable populations and communities of color to ensure a just and inclusive country for all.

Sources:

BBC Mundo

https://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias-internacional-54941430

https://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias-internacional-54856865

Economic Times

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international/world-news/the-us-presidential-election-explained-in-10-numbers/articleshow/79112602.cms?from=mdr

Pew Research Center

Latino voters’ interest in presidential race is mixed, and about half are ‘extremely motivated’ to vote

The Guardian

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/ng-interactive/2020/dec/08/us-election-results-2020-joe-biden-defeats-donald-trump-to-win-presidency

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/ng-interactive/2020/nov/09/senate-and-house-elections-2020-full-results-for-congress 

  1. Election Project

https://electproject.github.io/Early-Vote-2020G/index.html

Washington Post

https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2020/elections/voter-turnout/

Originally published by The National Hispanic Council on Aging (NHCOA): Source

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