NORML Foundation

NORML’s mission is to move public opinion sufficiently to legalize the responsible use of marijuana by adults.

 

Description

Washington, DC – EIN 522021279 norml.org

Since its founding in 1970, NORML has provided a voice in the public policy debate for those Americans who oppose marijuana prohibition and favor an end to the practice of arresting marijuana consumers. A nonprofit public-interest advocacy group, NORML represents the interests of the tens of millions of Americans who use marijuana responsibly.

Because NORML lobbies state and federal legislators, donations to NORML are not tax deductible.

During the 1970s, NORML led the successful efforts to decriminalize minor marijuana offenses in 11 states and significantly lower marijuana penalties in all others.

Wiki

National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws

National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, NORML
NORML Logo
Founded1970
FounderKeith Stroup, Esq.
FocusLegalization or decriminalization of marijuana in the United States
Location
  • Washington, D.C.
Area served
United States
Key people
Erik Altieri, Executive Director, Keith Stroup, Norm Kent, Paul Armentano, , Political Director
WebsiteNorml.org

The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML /ˈnɔːrməl/ (About this soundlisten)) is an American non-profit organization based in Washington, DC whose aim is to move public opinion sufficiently to achieve the legalization of non-medical marijuana in the United States so that the responsible use of cannabis by adults is no longer subject to penalty. According to their website, NORML "supports the removal of all criminal penalties for the private possession and responsible use of marijuana by adults, including the cultivation for personal use, and the casual nonprofit transfers of small amounts", and "supports the development of a legally controlled market for cannabis".[1] NORML and the NORML Foundation support both those fighting prosecution under marijuana laws and those working to legalize marijuana. Similar affiliated organizations operate under the NORML banner in other countries, among them NORML New Zealand, NORML Ireland,[2] NORML Canada, NORML UK, NORML South Africa and NORML France.

In the 2006 United States midterm elections, NORML promoted several successful local initiatives that declared marijuana enforcement to be the lowest priority for local law enforcement, freeing up police resources to combat violent and serious crime.[3]

History

NORML was founded in 1970 by Keith Stroup funded by $5,000 from the Playboy Foundation. Since then, the organization has played a central role in the cannabis decriminalization movement. At the start of the 1970s, the premier decriminalization organizations were Legalize Marijuana, better known as LeMar, and Amorphia, the two of which merged in 1971.[4] The next year, Amorphia led the unsuccessful campaign for California's marijuana legalization initiative, Proposition 19.[5] In 1974, Amorphia merged with NORML.[4]

By the middle of the 1970s, Playboy owner Hugh Hefner's financial support through the Playboy Foundation set NORML apart from its predecessors, making it the premier decriminalization advocacy group. At one point, Hefner was donating $100,000 a year to NORML.[5]

The organization has a large grassroots network with 135 chapters and over 550 lawyers. NORML holds annual conferences and Continuing Legal Education (CLE)-accredited seminars. Its board of directors has, at times, included such prominent political figures as Senators Philip Hart, Jacob K. Javits, and Ross Mirkarimi.[6]

In 1989, Donald Fiedler succeeded Jon Gettman as the executive director of NORML. In August 1992, Richard Cowan became executive director of NORML. Keith Stroup became executive director once again in 1995 after Cowan stepped down. In 2016, Erik Altieri was selected by the NORML Board of Directors to become the organization's 7th Executive Director.

NORML Foundation

The NORML Foundation, the organization's tax-exempt unit, conducts educational and research activities. Examples of the NORML Foundation's advocacy work is a detailed 2006 report, Emerging Clinical Applications For Cannabis.[7] A comprehensive report with county-by-county marijuana arrest data, Crimes of Indiscretion: Marijuana Arrest in America, was published in 2005.[8]

In October 1998, NORML Foundation published the NORML Report on U.S. Domestic Marijuana Production that was widely cited in the mainstream media. The report methodically estimated the value and number of cannabis plants grown in 1997, finding that Drug Enforcement Administration, state and local law enforcement agencies seized 32% of domestic cannabis plants planted that year. According to the report, "Marijuana remains the fourth largest cash crop in America despite law enforcement spending an estimated $10 billion annually to pursue efforts to outlaw the plant."[9] Recent studies show that marijuana is larger than all other cash crops combined.[10] In 2002, the organization used ads containing New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg quotes on his past use of pot, saying "You bet I did. And I enjoyed it." The mayor said "I’m not thrilled they’re using my name. I suppose there’s that First Amendment that gets in the way of me stopping it," but maintained that the NYPD will continue to vigorously enforce the laws.[11]

Media and activism

Signs advertising NORML at the Twin Cities Pride Parade in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in 2013

As an advocacy group, NORML has been active in spreading its message to the public.

In early 2009, a petition to President Barack Obama was written asking that he appoint a "Drug Czar" who will treat drug abuse as a health issue rather than a criminal issue and will move away from a "War on Drugs" paradigm. NORML's goal for this petition was 100,000 signatures.

Also in early 2009, when the Kellogg Company dropped its contract with Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps after pictures of him using a bong surfaced in the media, head members of NORML began boycotting Kellogg products and urging all members and supporters of NORML to boycott Kellogg, until the company reversed the decision. NORML also suggested that supporters of the cause send emails or letters to Kellogg explaining the boycott and the reasons behind it, even providing a template for emails and letters. Although Kellogg's profits did not suffer in the first quarter of 2009,[12] consumer ratings polls at Vanno[13] have been cited as indicating that Kellogg's reputation has suffered. Specifically, a small poll of Kellogg's brand reputation at Vanno showed a drop from its previous rank of 9 to 83 after Kellogg decided not to renew its contract with Michael Phelps.[14][15]

On February 15, 2010, a 15-second Flash animation from NORML discussing the potential economic and financial benefit of legalized marijuana was deemed by CBS to be "too political" to display on billboards in New York City's Times Square. This drew criticism in the blogosphere and accusations of hypocrisy on Twitter, since CBS had recently aired an anti-abortion television spot during the 2010 Super Bowl.[16] CBS reversed its decision and the ad was debuted on the CBS Times Square Superscreen on April 20, 2010.[17]

State and local chapters

International branches

See also

References

  1. ^ "NORML Policy on Personal Use". NORML. October 3, 2004. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
  2. ^ "NORML Ireland - REFORMING CANNABIS LAWS IN IRELAND". Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. Retrieved February 7, 2016.
  3. ^ "NORML: Frequently Asked Questions". National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws.
  4. ^ a b Joshua Clark Davis. (November 6, 2014). The Long Marijuana-Rights Movement. Archived September 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Joshua Clark Davis, The Business of Getting High: Head Shops, Countercultural Capitalism, and the Marijuana Legalization Movement, The Sixties: A Journal of Politics, Culture and Society, Summer 2015
  6. ^ Carlson, Peter (January 4, 2005). "Exhale, Stage Left". Washington Post. p. C01.
  7. ^ "Recent Research on Medical Marijuana". National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. February 3, 2007. Retrieved April 22, 2007.
  8. ^ "Crimes of Indiscretion". National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. March 7, 2005. Retrieved April 22, 2007.
  9. ^ "NORML Report on U.S. Domestic Marijuana Production". National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. March 7, 2005. Retrieved April 22, 2007.
  10. ^ Bailey, Eric (December 18, 2006). "Pot is called biggest cash crop". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 22, 2007.[dead link]
  11. ^ NYC Mayor Bloomberg's Pot Use is NORML: Drugwar.com Archived June 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Scott Eden (April 30, 2009). "Kellogg Beats Targets Despite Weaker Sales". TheStreet. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  13. ^ [1] Archived May 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Dumping Phelps Over Bong Rip Damages Kellogg's Brand Reputation". The Business Insider. February 23, 2009. Retrieved April 20, 2009.
  15. ^ Graham, Nicholas (February 24, 2009). "Kellogg's Brand Damaged By Dumping Michael Phelps". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 20, 2009.
  16. ^ "CBS rejects NORML legalization billboard, but accepts "Black Children are an Endangered Species" anti-abortion billboard". NORML. February 15, 2010. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  17. ^ "Foundation To Launch Second NYC Times Square Billboard Campaign New Ad Debuts On April 20 On The CBS Super Screen". NORML. Retrieved August 21, 2010.

Further reading

External links

IRS data by ProPublica Nonprofit Explorer


THE NORML FOUNDATION

WASHINGTON, DC 20005-5485 | Tax-exempt since Oct. 1997
  • EIN: 52-2021279
  • Classification (NTEE)
    Civil Rights, Social Action, Advocacy N.E.C.
  • Nonprofit Tax Code Designation: 501(c)(3)
    Defined as: Organizations for any of the following purposes: religious, educational, charitable, scientific, literary, testing for public safety, fostering national or international amateur sports competition (as long as it doesn’t provide athletic facilities or equipment), or the prevention of cruelty to children or animals.
  • Donations to this organization are tax deductible.
Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2018

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2018

PDF

990
990-T

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2017

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2017

PDF

990

Total Revenue

$179,854

Total Functional Expenses $256,056
Net income -$76,202
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $177,070 98.5%
Program services $2,758 1.5%
Investment income $26 0.0%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets $0
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $0
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $0
Professional fundraising fees $0
Other salaries and wages $0
Other
Total Assets $67,249
Total Liabilities $374,325
Net Assets -$307,076
Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2016

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2016

PDF

990

Total Revenue

$224,599

Total Functional Expenses $282,990
Net income -$58,391
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $213,930 95.2%
Program services $9,049 4.0%
Investment income $55 0.0%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets $1,565 0.7%
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $0
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $0
Professional fundraising fees $0
Other salaries and wages $0
Other
Total Assets $32,404
Total Liabilities $263,276
Net Assets -$230,872
Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2015

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2015

PDF

990

Total Revenue

$140,876

Total Functional Expenses $210,702
Net income -$69,826
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $92,939 66.0%
Program services $47,442 33.7%
Investment income $80 0.1%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets $415 0.3%
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $0
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $0
Professional fundraising fees $0
Other salaries and wages $130,678 62.0%
Other
Total Assets $26,924
Total Liabilities $198,574
Net Assets -$171,650
Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2014

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2014

PDF

990

Full Text

990 (filed on Feb. 19, 2016)

Full Filing

Raw XML

990

Total Revenue

$416,928

Total Functional Expenses $294,431
Net income $122,497
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $324,544 77.8%
Program services $85,302 20.5%
Investment income $163 0.0%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $1,438 0.3%
Sales of assets $1,100 0.3%
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $4,381 1.1%
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $18,252 6.2%
Professional fundraising fees $0
Other salaries and wages $117,876 40.0%
Other
Total Assets $24,260
Total Liabilities $126,084
Net Assets -$101,824
Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2013

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2013

PDF

990

Full Text

990 (filed on Feb. 18, 2016)

Full Filing

Raw XML

990

Total Revenue

$305,430

Total Functional Expenses $275,436
Net income $29,994
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $211,469 69.2%
Program services $89,152 29.2%
Investment income $105 0.0%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $1,608 0.5%
Sales of assets $244 0.1%
Net inventory sales $2,852 0.9%
Other revenue $0
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $17,927 6.5%
Professional fundraising fees $0
Other salaries and wages $113,409 41.2%
Other
Total Assets $66,032
Total Liabilities $290,323
Net Assets -$224,291
Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2012

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2012

PDF

990-EZ

Raw XML

990EZ

Total Revenue

$167,930

Total Functional Expenses $223,569
Net income -$55,639
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $165,439 98.5%
Program services $2,233 1.3%
Investment income $126 0.1%
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets $0
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $132 0.1%
Other
Total Assets $98,632
Total Liabilities $354,759
Net Assets -$256,127
Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2011

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2011

PDF

990

Raw XML

990

Total Revenue

$270,679

Total Functional Expenses $226,278
Net income $44,401
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $264,616 97.8%
Program services $5,937 2.2%
Investment income $126 0.0%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets $0
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $0
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $0
Professional fundraising fees $0
Other salaries and wages $130,034 57.5%
Other
Total Assets $27,956
Total Liabilities $228,721
Net Assets -$200,765
Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2010

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2010

PDF

990
IRS Filing

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2009

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2009

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2008

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2008

PDF

990-EZ

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2007

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2007

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2005

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2005

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2004

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2004

PDF

IRS Filing

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2003

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2003

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2002

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2002

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2001

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2001

PDF

990
IRS Filing

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.


Last Updated: 2020-11-23 08:11