Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund

Lambda Legal is a national legal organization committed to achieving full recognition of the civil rights of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, transgender people (LGBT) and all people living with HIV through impact litigation, education, and public policy work.

 

Description

NEW YORK, NY – EIN 237395681  lambdalegal.org

Our mission is to safeguard and advance the civil rights of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, transgender people and those with HIV through impact litigation, education and policy work. Our legal experts select the cases that will change or interpret laws in order to have the greatest impact in protecting and advancing the rights of LGBT people and those with HIV.

Impact Litigation
We select cases that will have the greatest impact in protecting and advancing the rights of LGBT people and those with HIV.

Education
We lead high-impact public education campaigns to help people exercise the rights they have and to build public support for equality.

Public Policy
We advocate for public policy at the local, state and federal levels to improve the lives of LGBT people, people affected by HIV, and their families and allies.

Wiki

Lambda Legal

Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund
Lambda Legal logo.svg
MottoMaking the case for equality
Formation1971; 49 years ago (1971)
HeadquartersNew York City, United States
Websitewww.lambdalegal.org Edit this at Wikidata

Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, better known as Lambda Legal, is an American civil rights organization that focuses on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities as well as people living with HIV/AIDS (PWAs) through impact litigation, societal education, and public policy work.

History

Lambda's founder William J. Thom, Esq. submitted incorporation papers for approval to the New York Courts in 1971, but his application was denied on the grounds that its proposed activities would be "neither benevolent nor charitable in purpose" and "there was no demonstrated need for its existence".[1] That decision was overturned in 1973 by the New York Court of Appeals, which is the highest court of New York State.[2] (In re Thom, 301 N.E.2d 542 (N.Y. 1973).).

The original incorporators, in addition to Bill Thom, were E. Carrington Boggan,[3] and Michael J. Lavery. At their first meeting on November 10, 1973, they elected to the newly constituted board of directors Rodney L. Eubanks, Shepherd Raimi, and D. Nicholas Russo.[4]

Because of the scarcity of openly gay lawyers in 1973, Lambda Legal formed a Board of Advisors of eminent New Yorkers sympathetic to the cause of gay rights. They included US Congressperson Bella Abzug, NY State Senator Carol Bellamy, Association of the Bar President Merrell E. Clark, Rev. John Corn of Trinity Church and Martin Duberman, Distinguished Professor at City University of New York.[4] Also on the Board of Advisors were two lawyers who later became New York State Supreme Court Justices: Phyllis Gangel-Jacob and Shirley Fingerhood.

From its inception, Lambda Legal sought diversity on its board of directors. Initially it could find no lesbian lawyers who were willing or able to be openly associated with a gay activist organization. Nathalie Rockhill, a major figure in the early post-Stonewall days of Gay Liberation, was the first woman elected to the board in 1974. She was soon followed by lesbian law students and, in time, by lesbian lawyers. By the 1980s, men and women were equally represented on Lambda's board.[5]

Lambda's growth paralleled the growth of the gay movement. By the 1980s, with the advent of AIDS, gay awareness and activism had grown significantly. Thomas B. Stoddard, who was executive director from 1986 to 1992, helped to author a bill passed in 1986 by the New York City Council to protect gays against bias in housing, employment, and public accommodations. Mayor Ed Koch, who signed the bill enacting it into law said: "The legislation drafted by Tom Stoddard was perfect." In 1993, Stoddard and other national gay leaders met with president Bill Clinton, the first such delegation to meet inside the Oval Office.[6]

In 2013, Lambda Legal – Midwest Regional Office was inducted into the Chicago Gay and Lesbian Hall of Fame.[7]

Its national headquarters remain in New York City, but today it has regional offices in Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Los Angeles, and Washington.[8]

Work

Lambda Legal has played a role in many legal cases pertaining to gay rights, including the 6-3 United States Supreme Court's 2003 decision in Lawrence v. Texas, which invalidated sodomy laws in the United States.

Lambda Legal carries out its legal work principally through test cases selected for the likelihood of their success in establishing positive legal precedents that will affect lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, transgender people and those affected by HIV. Lambda Legal's staff of attorneys works on a wide range of cases, with their docket averaging more than 50 cases at any given time.

Lambda Legal also maintains a national network of volunteer Cooperating Attorneys, which widens the scope of their legal work and allows attorneys, legal workers and law students to become involved in the program by working with Lambda Legal's legal staff.[9]

Lambda Legal pursues litigation in all parts of the country, in every area of the law that affects communities they represent, such as discrimination in employment, housing, public accommodations, and the military; HIV/AIDS-related discrimination and public policy issues; parenting and relationship issues; equal marriage rights; equal employment and domestic partnership benefits;[10] "sodomy" law challenges; immigration issues; anti-gay initiatives; and free speech and equal protection rights.[11]

Before taking on legal work on behalf of same-sex marriage rights, Lambda Legal had to resolve an internal debate over the significance of marriage for its constituency and the strategic wisdom of taking on the issue. In 1990, it declined to represent the plaintiffs in the initial challenge to Hawaii's denial of marriage licenses to same-sex couples. It filed an amicus brief in that case at a later stage and another in Dean v. District of Columbia, its first advocacy for same-sex marriage.[12]

Lambda Legal publishes the "Little Black Book", which contains information regarding the possible consequences of gay men "cruising" for sex in public places.[13] The "Little Black Book" includes the following material: "If you cruise in parks, bathrooms or other spaces open to public view, trust your instincts, be aware of your surroundings – and know your rights. While Lambda Legal and other groups are fighting against the ways police target men who have sex with men, having sex where others might see you and take offense can subject you to arrest, publicity and other serious consequences. If you feel unsafe, you should leave."[13] The "Little Black Book" goes on to advise as follows: "If you’re cruising for sex and an undercover cop hits on you, what you do can still be a crime."[13]

In July 2012, Lambda founder Bill Thom was interviewed at his nursing home in Manhattan, and gave a first-hand account of the early years of Lambda Legal. This resulted in a letter[14] from the current co-chair of Lambda Legal to Bill Thom dated September 25, 2012 in which he says "The world is a vastly better place for LGBT people than when I started practice 20 years ago and is almost unrecognizable from the world in which you took on the heroic and unprecedented task of fighting back."

Following a presidential order to ban transgender troops from the US military, Lambda indicated that they would be taking action to challenge the legality of the order.[15]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "In re Thom, 42 A.D.2d 353 | Casetext Search + Citator". casetext.com. Retrieved 2020-06-13.
  2. ^ "Lambda Legal History". Lambda Legal History.
  3. ^ "E. C. Boggan, 48, Dies; Handled Rights Cases". NY Times. February 1, 1992. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Minutes of the Combined Organizational Meeting and of the First Meeting of the Members and First Meeting of Directors", Lambda Legal, November 10, 1973
  5. ^ Primary source – original board member, Shepherd Raimi, July 23, 2008
  6. ^ Thomas Stoddard, 48, Dies; An Advocate of Gay Rights, New York Times, February 14, 1997
  7. ^ "Inductees by Year". Archived from the original on 2015-10-17. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  8. ^ "About Us". Lambda Legal. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  9. ^ Paquette, Monica (September 14, 2011). "Marketplace". New York Law Journal.
  10. ^ Pinckard, Cliff (April 3, 2009). "Gay-marriage ruling expected today in Iowa". The Plain Dealer.
  11. ^ Pearson, Sophia; Dolmetsch, Chris (June 29, 2011). "New Jersey's Civil Union Law Challenged by Rights Group". Bloomberg Businessweek.
  12. ^ Pinello, Daniel R. (2006). America's Struggle for Same-Sex Marriage. Cambridge University Press. pp. 24–6. ISBN 978-0521848565.
  13. ^ a b c "Lambda Legal Releases 'Little Black Book,' Resource Against Police Harassment And Other Dangers Gay Men Encounter When Cruising For Sex". Lambda Legal. February 3, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  14. ^ https://twitter.com/LambdaLegal/status/901214228119465985

External links

Videos

IRS data by ProPublica Nonprofit Explorer


LAMBDA LEGAL DEFENSE AND EDUCATION FUND INC

NEW YORK, NY 10005-3904 | Tax-exempt since July 1974
  • EIN: 23-7395681
  • Classification (NTEE)
    Civil Rights, Advocacy for Specific Groups (Civil Rights, Social Action, Advocacy)
  • Nonprofit Tax Code Designation: 501(c)(3)
    Defined as: Organizations for any of the following purposes: religious, educational, charitable, scientific, literary, testing for public safety, fostering national or international amateur sports competition (as long as it doesn’t provide athletic facilities or equipment), or the prevention of cruelty to children or animals.
  • Donations to this organization are tax deductible.
Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2018

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2018

PDF

990

Full Text

990 (filed on Nov. 22, 2019)

Full Filing

Raw XML

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Dec. 2017

Fiscal year ending Dec.

2017

PDF

990

Total Revenue

$5,014,876

Total Functional Expenses $3,373,779
Net income $1,641,097
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $4,893,667 97.6%
Program services $0
Investment income $162,150 3.2%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets -$40,941
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $0
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $59,570 1.8%
Professional fundraising fees $40,813 1.2%
Other salaries and wages $1,774,183 52.6%
Other
Total Assets $21,665,093
Total Liabilities $3,061,117
Net Assets $18,603,976
Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2017

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2017

PDF

990

Full Text

990 (filed on Sept. 13, 2018)

Full Filing

Raw XML

990

Total Revenue

$16,861,051

Total Functional Expenses $20,258,344
Net income -$3,397,293
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $15,751,957 93.4%
Program services $565,783 3.4%
Investment income $404,571 2.4%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets $130,476 0.8%
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $8,264 0.0%
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $1,827,968 9.0%
Professional fundraising fees $414,934 2.0%
Other salaries and wages $7,634,968 37.7%
Other
Total Assets $19,865,270
Total Liabilities $3,069,080
Net Assets $16,796,190
Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2016

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2016

Full Text

990 (filed on Aug. 8, 2017)

Full Filing

Raw XML

990

Total Revenue

$19,722,436

Total Functional Expenses $17,985,886
Net income $1,736,550
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $17,554,748 89.0%
Program services $636,048 3.2%
Investment income $286,800 1.5%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets $1,225,751 6.2%
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $19,089 0.1%
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $2,132,315 11.9%
Professional fundraising fees $230,390 1.3%
Other salaries and wages $6,555,899 36.5%
Other
Total Assets $22,530,139
Total Liabilities $3,168,463
Net Assets $19,361,676
Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2015

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2015

PDF

990

Full Text

990 (filed on July 21, 2016)

Full Filing

Raw XML

990

Total Revenue

$18,064,537

Total Functional Expenses $17,533,244
Net income $531,293
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $16,186,205 89.6%
Program services $1,595,936 8.8%
Investment income $218,297 1.2%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets $47,209 0.3%
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $16,890 0.1%
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $1,542,293 8.8%
Professional fundraising fees $405,464 2.3%
Other salaries and wages $6,673,548 38.1%
Other
Total Assets $21,900,582
Total Liabilities $3,048,792
Net Assets $18,851,790
Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2014

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2014

PDF

990

Full Text

990 (filed on March 10, 2015)

Full Filing

Raw XML

990

Total Revenue

$15,176,226

Total Functional Expenses $16,207,862
Net income -$1,031,636
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $14,799,531 97.5%
Program services $23,461 0.2%
Investment income $220,591 1.5%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets $120,390 0.8%
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $12,253 0.1%
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $1,515,982 9.4%
Professional fundraising fees $375,335 2.3%
Other salaries and wages $6,374,170 39.3%
Other
Total Assets $21,314,327
Total Liabilities $2,817,970
Net Assets $18,496,357
Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2013

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2013

PDF

990

Raw XML

990

Total Revenue

$14,425,910

Total Functional Expenses $14,363,398
Net income $62,512
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $14,174,147 98.3%
Program services $47,883 0.3%
Investment income $162,157 1.1%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets -$18,326
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $60,049 0.4%
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $1,448,539 10.1%
Professional fundraising fees $290,396 2.0%
Other salaries and wages $5,672,941 39.5%
Other
Total Assets $21,902,360
Total Liabilities $2,766,933
Net Assets $19,135,427
Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2012

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2012

PDF

990

Raw XML

990

Total Revenue

$16,653,685

Total Functional Expenses $13,109,746
Net income $3,543,939
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $16,008,476 96.1%
Program services $436,699 2.6%
Investment income $58,993 0.4%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets $8,278 0.0%
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $141,239 0.8%
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $1,373,999 10.5%
Professional fundraising fees $168,567 1.3%
Other salaries and wages $5,245,547 40.0%
Other
Total Assets $20,660,026
Total Liabilities $2,565,687
Net Assets $18,094,339
Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2011

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2011

PDF

990

Total Revenue

$11,939,618

Total Functional Expenses $12,320,456
Net income -$380,838
Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue
Contributions $11,662,210 97.7%
Program services $255,605 2.1%
Investment income $49,764 0.4%
Bond proceeds $0
Royalties $0
Rental property income $0
Net fundraising $0
Sales of assets -$27,961
Net inventory sales $0
Other revenue $0
Notable expenses Percent of total expenses
Executive compensation $1,085,362 8.8%
Professional fundraising fees $168,643 1.4%
Other salaries and wages $5,200,000 42.2%
Other
Total Assets $16,463,942
Total Liabilities $2,019,040
Net Assets $14,444,902
Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2010

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2010

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2009

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2009

PDF

990
990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2008

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2008

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2007

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2007

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2006

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2006

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2005

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2005

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2004

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2004

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2003

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2003

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2002

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2002

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Fiscal year ending

Oct. 2001

Fiscal year ending Oct.

2001

PDF

990

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.


Last Updated: 2020-11-22 07:50